When choosing between kilim and carpet for the interior, it is essential to differentiate their characteristics and properties to buy the suitable one for the room. Kilim and carpet are products that have oriental and middle eastern origins. However, kilim rugs refer to pileless textile produced with one of the practical rug weaving techniques known as flat weaving. All traditional kilim and carpet weaving techniques often have a standard or similar heritage that follows the same principles. Middle eastern countries such as Iran, Turkey, Afghanistan, India, China, etc., create traditional, high-quality hand-knotted Persian and Oriental rugs in the form of kilims and carpets for the world.
Kilim and Carpet Weaving Methods
The primary difference between kilim and carpet is the weaving technique used for their creation. Kilim rugs are traditionally handmade products that are flat-woven, and they feature no pile. Their no-pile characteristic makes them an attractive option if the homeowner looks for a floor covering rug that is remarkably lightweight and simple but offers a cultural connection with the origin of creating an authentic Persian rug.
Kilim Making Process
Kilim rugs have a flat weaving formation with two sets of ropes that have wool in their structure. One stage of the string is set horizontally, and the other is vertically placed. The horizontal ones are passed through the vertical sets of rope, and as soon as this group reaches the end, it turns back in the same direction. The repeatedly passing strings over the same path create decorative images known as traditional motifs that weavers use various colors to produce aesthetically.
Carpet Making Process
Traditional carpet is essentially made from wool, silk, animal hair and other natural materials. However, modern rugs manufacturers use other fibers such as nylon, polyester, or even polypropylene, which are cheaper than wool. The machine-made rugs are not comparable with hand-knotted carpets in terms of quality and durability. Hand-knotted carpet weavers utilize special looms for their creation. The oriental handmade product’s structure is placed on the loom, and then wraps are made vertically on the tool while weavers make knots on the warps and cut them before moving on to subsequent knots. The Persian rug maker arranges wefts across the warps in horizontal rows to create a pile effect. After weaving all the knots, they insert the wefts to provide proper thickness to the product. One of the reasons behind the high price of Persian carpets is the knot count and the technique experts use to create these products.
Differences in Characteristics
The primary difference between kilim and carpet is that one features piles, and the other does not have piles, which means that traditional carpets are often heavier and thicker. Thus, they are more luxurious and are not quite as delicate. These Persian and oriental rugs are being made with traditional methods.
Another difference between kilim and carpet is that Kilim rugs generally have a more comprehensive range of usage than traditional carpets. Due to the weaving technique of these oriental products, they can be crafted into other practical materials rather than just floor covering rugs.
Materials and Tools
In terms of materials, both kilim and carpet do not require much. A simple beating comb, a loom, scissors and a knife are tools that a professional weaver need to create hand-knotted Persian rugs. The primary materials used in these authentic and elegant products are wool, cotton, silk, and animal hair. However, some weavers prefer to use more valuable substances such as threads of gold and silver, beads and other small decorative baubles in their Persian rugs to create more visually appealing and expensive products.
Considerations for Buying Kilim and Capet
For buying Persian rugs, including kilims and carpets, there are some essential things to consider. Suppose the home features a wooden floor, tile floor or any other flooring system other than a nailed down rug on the floor. In that circumstance, it might be crucial to consider whether the kilim and carpet are needed for warming features or decorative purposes. For keeping feet warm, a traditional rug would be a more suitable choice due to the stiffness of the pile as it makes the product thicker, meaning more heat will be trapped in it.
Another crucial thing to consider is the price of these aesthetic products. Traditional carpets are usually cheaper than kilims. This is due to the weaving process that artisans utilize. However, some authentic Persian rugs are more expensive than other floor coverings. The cost of the floor covering product must be equivalent to the homeowner’s budget, but buying a Persian rug is often considered a perfect investment due to its durability.
Along with the cost and comfortability of oriental kilim and carpet, any customer should check other factors before buying one. These factors include durability, aesthetics, and how they will use Persian rugs to decorate the interior.