Persian and Turkish Rugs are both handmade products that compliment beauty and art. They are considered valuable, and they can live through generations without losing their value. However, they are other Oriental countries that produce high-quality carpets for the world. All of the hand-knotted rugs are perfect products for enhancing the beauty of a house’s interior and provide comfortable feelings for hard floorings and bring a sense of timeless style to the home. Handmade rugs have precise and individual crafts by skilled weavers who utilize professional and traditional techniques passed down for hundreds of years. These products will bring and dignified feeling to the interior and breathe a new life into any room.
Persian and Turkish rugs have a touch of sacredness due to the precision and time that skilled weavers spend on creating them. These products are not sacred only for the care they receive but also due to the production time they require. They will need from 30 days to 8 years to become the masterpiece they need to be. Regardless of their origin, weavers utilize different materials for creating their art. The vast majority of these aesthetic creations contain natural fibres such as silk and wool. However, rugs that have silk in their structure are often more expensive due to their luxurious textures. Thus, the most common material is natural wool. After knowing the general similarities between Persian and Turkish rugs, it is good to know their considerable differences when choosing one before another for different purposes. Here are the main contrasts between the two precious carpet types.
Origin and Country
The first difference between Persian and Turkish rugs is their origin by country. As it is evident from their names, Turkish carpets come from Turkey, and Persian rugs come from Persia, now called Iran.
Persian Rugs: The rug weaving art in Persia has been in the country’s tradition for more than 2500 years. Artisan woven rugs were initially articles of necessity to cover nomadic tribesmen’s floors to protect from damp and cold weather. The progress of the craft and skill involved in creating these artistic works passes down from generation to generation since then throughout periods of war, invasion, and peace. Most of the production progression lies in conjunction with various rulers and kings of Persia throughout time. When Cyrus the Great surmounted Babylon in 539 BC, he introduced carpet-making to the region. They are pieces of evidence that show the Persepolis was covered with valuable rugs and carpets. Even before his time, nomads knew the weaving techniques for creating a simple design for their homes.
Turkish Rugs: The creation of Turkish rugs started for environmental, economic, religious, and sociological reasons, becoming one of its symbols. Rug weaving art was introduced to Anatoly by the Selcuks at the end of the 11th century and the 12th century. Even numerous fragments are known to be of Selcuk origin, and the wide variety of design and technical aspects in the products prove the original rug weaving’s resourcefulness. The oldest surviving product from this region is dated from the 13th century.
Persian rug weavers utilize the single knot method for creating their traditional products. However, Turkish artisans make their products by using the double knot technique. Both techniques can make the rug durable and beautiful. Almost all Turkish carpets are produced using the double knot technique, but the same does not appear in all Persian products. Some of the products that are initiated from Iran are made by using a dual knot weaving system. For example, most Persian carpets made in the North-west and Northern areas of Iran use the second knotting strategy due to the origin of weaver’s nomads from Turkey. This type of rug has a place in the Persian rugs class because all Persia products were named after villages, cities, and even tribes.
Source of Inspiration
Persian Rugs often convey information about legends and nature. They feature symbols and pictures of animals, mountains and other natural elements. This is why it is ubiquitous to find birds and different flowers in Persian carpet designs. On the other hand, Turkish products often express their artisan’s spiritual and religious beliefs and real-life experiences. Thus, most Turkish rugs are known for using patterns and motifs in their designs. For example, most of their products have a tree of life symbol, which signifies a Turkish elder conspicuous in their religion.
Patterns and Designs
Persian rugs contain rounded designs featuring medallion motifs with floral or natural element patterns. The single knot method utilized in these products allows the weaver to create elegant round designs without limitations. Persian carpets’ characteristics make them have more Oriental design and provide a royal appearance, making them look like they were created for palaces or other classy areas. On the other hand, Turkish rugs often have geometric designs that are sharp and straight. The double knotting technique allows the artisan to achieve geometric shapes. As it is told, these carpets contain motifs that explain why their designs represent mysteries and puzzles to be solved. In other words, Turkish products motifs and geometric designs convey many symbolic meanings.