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Everything You Need to Know About Persian Kilim Rugs

Persian Kilim Rugs are among the most popular rug classes in oriental products that homeowners tend to purchase for their interior design applications. Choosing the ideal area rug is a confusing and challenging process due to the absence of a one-size-fits-all approach to decorating the interior. Many customers come across the Persian Kilim Rugs when searching on the internet, which is available in small and large sizes and various colors, styles, patterns, and designs. These particular products can also be crafted in multiple symbols and motifs that can match any room’s theme. For homeowners who look for efficient rugs to improve the appearance of their home’s interior, Persian Kilim Rugs can be in their prior choices.

What are Persian Kilim Rugs?

Persian Kilim Rugs are products that have flat characteristics without having pile. These products are less costly and readily available due to their easier weaving and creating process. Nowadays, there is a misconception that Oriental Rugs are the same as Kilims, which is due to the similarity of their design at first glance. While most oriental carpets originate from the same region where Persian Kilim Rugs are usually created, these artistic products have their differences. Oriental rugs are a generic classification of these flooring materials that are produced in middle eastern countries. However, Kilims are just one of the various types of oriental carpets.

Motifs Used in Persian Kilim Rugs

Traditional Kilims represent centuries of culture and craftsmanship. Most of these aesthetic products are used as decorative materials, and some for religious purposes. They come with different symbols and motifs, and each has its unique meaning. Thus, these motifs are a fascinating element of these products. The followings are the most remarkable symbols in Persian Kilims:

  • Elibelinde: This symbol represents motherhood and fertility, which features a female figure with its hand on its hips, and it is one of the most common motifs used in kilims.
  • Tree of Life: The tree of life motif symbolizes divinity and communication with God, and it is common to find it in any craft.
  • Protection Symbol: This particular symbol is also notable in modern Kilims due to the tribal origins of the products. The protection motif usually features crosses, amulets, eyes, and other shapes and is highly regarded as they were considered to bring luck and drive away negative entities.

History of Kilims

The creation of kilims goes back thousands of years. Thus, tracing the origins of these products is challenging. Experts believe that they are Persian, and they trace back to the thirteenth century. The traditional weavers created their products from animal skin, wools, and other natural materials. After the growth of weaving techniques, artisans shifted their materials to substances used in hand-knotted rugs today, such as cotton, fibers, silk etc. These products creation main reason was to decorate the furniture, walls, floorings, and doors of houses. They were primarily woven and utilized by nomads throughout Persia, and they are one of the most high-quality and durable rugs around the world.

Techniques Used to Create Kilims

Most of the vintage Persian Kilim Rugs are produced using traditional weaving methods, techniques, materials and equipment. Native artisans utilize essential tools such as a beating comb, loft, shuttle, and simple loom. They utilize both antic wooden looms and modern complex metallic tools to make kilims. The main reason for using looms is to hold the vertical warps or strands to provide easier weaving for horizontal strands and wefts. The loom itself has evolved from being a simple tool to create basic designs to a more sophisticated means to allow artisans to create more complex procedures on kilims. The primary reason for using a beating comb is to beat the fibers. However, traditional artisans prefer to do the job with their bare hands.

How Weavers Create Kilims?

Professional Persian Kilim Rugs weavers utilize various techniques to create their product, and one of the methods used frequently in this industry is flatweave. This method features five essential divisions, which are introduced in the section below.

Slit Weave

The slit weave technique is efficient for creating smooth and reversible kilims and is appreciated by the weavers who create geometric patterns. This method features making the weft go around the last color of the warp.

Plain Weave

The pain weave method is used to create an even space between the weft and warp, and it is the most basic technique for producing flat kilims.


This weaving process is suitable for adding weft for supplemental designs and patterns, using the traditional weaving technique. The extra wefts create a raised way that is often customizable, equivalent to any plan.


The Soumak technique uses mathematical patterns to produce complex designs. Since it employs a lot of time and incredible weaving skills, it can increase the cost and beauty of the kilims.


The last and the most common flatweave technique used for no-pile rugs is the interweaving method. This technique interweaves the weft and warp strand tightly to produce durable products.

Nowadays, Persian Kilim Rugs can be produced by machines. However, hand-knotted authentic Persian rugs are still the best option to choose when purchasing interior décor that can last for decades.

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