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Hidden Meanings in Oriental and Persian Rug’s Colors

Oriental and Persian rugs come with various symbols, designs, patterns, and, most importantly, colors, making them endearing works of art. Looking at an authentic Oriental rug makes everyone feel delighted. Collectors appreciate these pieces of art worldwide and seek to find the original hand-knotted Persian rugs for their collections. As the appearance of any Oriental and Persian carpet is enjoyable, there are some specific meanings behind their colors, designs, motifs, and patterns. Understanding their meaning help customers and collectors unravel the story of the artisan or weaver who developed the breathtaking piece of the flooring art.

How Did Weavers Obtain Persian Rug’s Colors?

The art of rug weaving goes back centuries ago. Nomadic people created the first carpet as floor coverings for providing comfort in harsh grounds. The oldest Persian rug which exists currently is from the 5th century. This specific Persian rug known as Pazyryk is created 2500 years ago and was found in an icy tomb in Siberia. However, the authentic Oriental rug still retains its deep, beautiful red dye.

The methods of Persian rug weaving is ancient and so too are the dying color art for creating these aesthetic possessions. Weavers used various materials for producing their precious floor and wall coverings with beautiful and unique symbols and styles. The motifs on Persian Rugs come with multiple hues, and each color represents a particular element of nature. The meaning attributed to the designs and Persian rug’s colors is a way to share stories and pass them down to generations.

Weavers obtain Persian’s rug colors for the dyes from nature. Masters dye the wool and pass them to the artisan weavers. Before modern synthetic dyes invention, plants and natural materials were used for creating various beautiful colors. For instance, madder root produces a rich dye in the red hue and was sought after, the traditional source of shades for spun wool. Villagers and nomads who developed complex techniques for weaving Persian rugs utilized indigenous and conveyed plants, sea creatures, and insects to obtain prized colors for their art pieces. They used snails, flowers, beetles, weeds, and other substances such as dried pomegranate, which allowed artisans to develop various eye-catching colors.

  • Red: obtained from madder roots.
  • Yellow: obtained from plants in nature such as onion, chamomile, and Euphorbia
  • Orange: for creating orange, experts double-dyed with madder red and yellow dye.
  • Blue: indigo which is gained from Indigofera tinctoria
  • Green: obtained from double dyeing yellow dye and indigo
  • Black: from oak acorns, oak apple, and Tanner’s Sumach
  • Brown: obtained from trees, fruits, leaves, nuts, seeds, and roots.

Persian Rug’s Colors Meaning

Each Persian carpet and rug have a rich story to tell, depending on the patterns and hues. Every artisan has a narrative mind. Thus, they select motifs, designs, and hues based on their anecdote. For knowing the general story behind the rug, it is essential to understand what each design and hue represents.

Beige and White Persian Carpets

Beige and white make magnificent accents and bass in Persian and Oriental carpets. The color white is globally associating with positive concepts such as cleanliness, innocence, purity, etc. Persian artisans and weavers shared the same idea and utilized white and beige complexes for creating a stunning appearance.

Red Colors in Persian Rugs

Red in Persian rugs often refers to strong feelings such as love, passion, or violence. Depending on the hue, this color can be warm and soft or sharped and energized. People have always used red for grabbing instant attention. Moreover, red is the color of blood and fire, which are two powerful symbols of nature. In most authentic Persian rugs, red is often utilized for creating exquisite designs and a wide range of visualizations.

Blue is Common in Oriental Rugs

Blue, which represents calmness and tranquility, is another common hue in Persian Rug’s colors. In many cultures around the globe, this color is used for trust and loyalty. Blue is the most used color in Persian carpets after white and beige. However, obtaining this hue was very challenging for artisans; thus, few carpets that feature this specific color are considered expensive Persian rugs.

Gold and Yellow Bring Uniqueness

Most people consider gold and yellow as the same. Even though these colors share the same etymology, gold represents wealth, luxury and refinement and yellow is used to associate energy and happiness. Persian rugs weavers often utilize the yellow hue radiance, such as the sunlight or the joy of living life. Additionally, gold also symbolizes power, wealth and prestige in the rug designs.

Brown is Another Common Sight in Oriental and Persian Rugs

The only color representing the mother planet, the Earth, is brown, which is the hue of soil, and it is used for showing fertility, productivity, and fecundity. One of the significant sources for obtaining brown color were the trees.

Green the Perfect Color of Nature

Green is the color that represents prosperity, health, growth, and balance worldwide. This color catches human’s eyes in nature, as the vibrant forests and tree leaves. It also represents new opportunities and rebirth.

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