Persian rugs are not only a product for flooring and wall covering but are considered as pieces of valuable art which can have extreme role in intensifying aesthetics of the interior. An authentic Persian rugs which are the most popular type of oriental rugs is a treasured possession. These super gorgeous products can be found in offices and homes all over the world due to their functionality while having various styles and sizes. Just the fact that they are hand-knotted products adds even more value to these elegant pieces of art. However, they are other types of rugs available in the market nowadays. In addition to hand woven products, there are also several types of machine made floorings.
There are so many machine made rugs and carpets available in the market which look like Persian rugs. Thus, without having the appropriate research and knowledge it can be difficult to tell if the product is authentic Persian rug or just Persian looking flooring. In so many cases, the similarity is so close specially if they are handmade, that it is almost impossible to tell which one has the originality without a precise inspection.
Few Tips for Identifying an Authentic Persian Rug
One of the best ways of telling if a rug is authentic, is to compare the demanding flooring with a product which is already defined as an original Persian rug. However, there are other different ways which are more detailed and can be very helpful for detecting the originality of the product. Followings are few of the most important tips for identifying an authentic Persian rug.
Identify the Region in Which the Rug is Made
The only true Persian rugs are the ones which are manufactured in the middle eastern region called Iran. These products have the unique symbols and patterns which represent the culture of the region. These symbols include animals, flowers etc. However, there are other oriental countries which claim to produce these products such as Pakistan, Turkey, Kazakhstan, India, Afghanistan etc. All of the regions have the perfect woven products but it is important to have in mind that any type of rug such as runner rug, kilim and carpet which are produced in Iran are considered as original and authentic product.
Analyze Front and Back of the Rug
It is very rare to find an original rug that has perfect and accurate front and back design. These products are woven with traditional methods on a simple and basic type of wooden looms. They are bound to have some imperfections all over the product’s design. These imperfections never affect and lower the value of the flooring product. In addition, true authentic Persian rugs will always feature soft backing with patterns which will match the top pile just like a mirrored image. If the product does not have this characteristic, then it is not considered as an authentic product. When the rug has hard plastic back, it means that the product is made of synthetic materials and the back surface is holding the product from falling apart.
Check the Fringe
The Fringe is considered as a design element and most importantly a structural element in Persian rugs. When the weaver starts the creation of the art, the fringe is the first element fixed on the loom. Then, the decorative knots are tied around the fringe. This part of the product holds the rug together. Some dealers add fake fringe to the product in order to make it appear like handmade. This can be identified by flipping the rug and checking if the fringe is glued or sewn on it. This is the easiest way to find out if the product is fake or authentic.
Make Sure the Rug is Hand-Knotted
From artisan perspective, every single knot of an authentic Persian rug should be hand tied. If the product is identified as hand tufted, then it is not the same valuable piece of art. The hand tufting process includes stretching the canvas backing behind a stencil and then punching the design into it with a tufting gun. This method skill can be achieved with small practice and the product will potentially have weak structure and with perfect maintenance it can only last about seven years. However, authentic Persian rugs are very popular due to their life span which are more than fifty years and define their high quality. Hand tufted rugs do not even cost much less than original products. Thus identifying this issue is an important factor when it comes to buying a new product. For testing this, it is recommended to over dye the product and see if it can withstand the process and maintain its saturation.
Stability of The Colors
Original Persian rugs are only dyed with natural vegetable dyes. In the History of Rugs, chemical weren’t existing when the first product was woven. The real test of the colors and dyes is how well they maintain their functionality and beauty under a frequent traffic. Good dyes are determined with their colorfast specification. There is an easy way to check if the product has the standard colorfast which is taking a damp of cloth and leaving on the top of the rug. If there is a presence of color on the cloth, then it means the dye is not colorfast or stable.
Material Used in The Rug
Authentic Persian rugs are made from wool, silk or other valuable natural materials. These materials can last for decades without having serious damages if cared and maintained properly. Hand-knotted rugs are pieces of romanticized art from that is lost when the product is made from synthetic materials with a machine. In this case, the charm is surely gone. Synthetic materials which are used in this type of products include nylon, polypropylene, acrylic and polyester. The synthetic rug is aesthetically pleasing for short period of time and it cannot last for a long time.