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How to Determine Quality of a Rug (Part 2)

As told in How to Determine Quality of a Rug (Part 1), choosing best rug for any application and flooring for homes is an important step. In this lecture more of the factors and indicators for determining the best quality of a rug will be introduced.

Techniques of Weaving

Oriental Rugs are classified by three main weaving techniques which are machine-made rugs, hand-tufted rugs, and hand-knotted rugs. This classification is the most important one.


Machine made products are simply machine made. As they can be beautiful and quite functional but they are not comparable to hand-knotted products of any variety, and like most mass-produced home furnishings, they are not considered as a work of art. A fast way to detect a machine-made rug is by checking the fringe. If the fringe is sewn onto the product, it means it’s a machine-made rug.


Hand-tufted rugs are named very deceptively. It is very important to know that hand-tufted product is not a hand-made rug. Actually, a mechanized gun is used to shoot pieces of wool through a canvas which has a sketched pattern on it. Then, a petroleum-based rubber is painted over the back of the rug, in order to keep the unsecured strands of yarn from falling out. Also, these rugs are not environmentally-friend and besides this, hand-tufted rugs are not considered as an art and do not have intrinsic value. They can be spotted very easily due to their backing. No hand-made product can have backing on it.


Hand-woven or hand-knotted oriental rugs are made entirely by hand. In this types, a set of vertical strings is attached to a loom. Then the wool is either woven through the strings or hand-knotted onto the warp, to form the structure of the rug. Best way to recognize hand-knotted rug is to examine the fringes along the edge of the rug. For hand-made product, the fringe is actually the warp strings and it is an integral part of the rug rather than an applied adornment.

Symmetric Rug

To know how skilled, the was weaver who created an oriental rug, the best way is to check the symmetry of the product precisely. The most important factors in sizing up a weaver skill are size, image, and knot construction.

Symmetry in size

Best woven rugs are often symmetric on both sizes meaning that one side is no longer than the other side. While a bit of variations in symmetry are to be expected, large variations in size indicates the work of a novice waver.

Symmetry in image

The back and the front of the rug should be compared and a good product is the one with symmetric back and front. A good weaver’s image will be the same and there will be a little difference one could even flip a knotted rug over for use. In formal oriental rug the symmetry in design is a noticeable factor. However, small difference in symmetry whether intentional or not, allow manufacturer to get a little glimpse of the weaver’s personality in the pieces he/she creates.

Symmetry in knot construction

For examining symmetry in knot construction, it is needed to rub hand over the back and front. The good woven oriental rug won’t have the feeling of small bumps while rubbing them. The edges of a good product must lay flat, without rolling or cutting along the edges.

Age and Value

One of the most important factors for buying a hand-made rug is that age is likely to help it retain and sometimes increase its value over time which is uncommon for other forms of home furnishing. This means that even a simple village rug will surely retain its value and can be resold with approvable price. But a poor quality product will always be a poor quality product. Thus, it is efficient to buy a hand-made high quality rug due to its increasing value which happens over time.

Design and Motif

Oriental rugs are varied by hundreds due to their variety of creators. It is true that products having more complex in design and patterns are harder to create and therefore, it causes labor cost increment. There are no preferred designs that are more valuable than the others.

Rugs and their texture are subject to the taste of the customer and the economic conditions. However, they are some types which are very popular due to their design and characteristics such as Persian Rugs, Indian, Kazak, Chinese, Turkeys and etc.

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