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How to Repair an Oriental Rug? (part 1)

Oriental rugs are very applicable when it comes to floor and wall covering with aesthetic characteristics. Their beauty, colors and warmth always uplift the look of the entire interior. After it is placed in a room, anybody would like to have it undamaged for a long time. However, it is natural for rugs to experience different types of damages over time. They are walked over frequently and heavy furniture placed on the products surely creates irrevocable dents. Insects and moths often start to eat the fibers woven into the product. Another common damage is receiving all kinds of spills.

Regular Oriental rug maintenance and cleaning can keep the good look of the product. However, for offsetting the effects of tear and normal wear caused by age, professional resurrection and repairing is necessary. Rug repairing procedure is done to prevent further retrogression, damage, and preserving value of the product for the long lasting lifetime.

When to Proceed for Rug Repair

One of the most important measures to maintain oriental rugs beauty for long time is getting the product repaired in an appropriate time. Repairing procedure must be done as soon as the damage is noticeable. The longer the damage is ignored, the worse the problem becomes. Thus, maintaining oriental rugs and repairing those, one in 5 to 10 years is highly recommended and it will keep their elegance for generations. In addition, it is good to know that cheap but regular repairing will surely prevent the work from becoming a complex and expensive procedure.

Repair Oriental Rugs by Professionals

Repairing Oriental rugs by professionals is always a great choice for an owner of a product. Professionals always take the issue to obtain the best and right type of matching dye and material and use the correct weaving technique in order to preserve the original and natural characteristics of the product. The weaver and professional often introduce the procedure detail themselves. These skillful weavers can repair any type of damage occurred on the rug such as tears, frayed corners, re-dyeing color, fire or flood damage, fringe, stretching and etc.

Experienced artisan rebuild the Oriental rug the way that no one can make out the difference between the resurrected product and the original one. In some cases, professionals, which are not so experienced, may suggest to paint and hide the damaged areas. This method is much cheaper, however it is not recommended at all due to its permanent damage and value reduction of the product. There is one more point, which is important to remember before giving a product for repairing job. This procedure can be very time consuming and laborious depending of the size of the rug and type of the product, which is damaged. Persian rugs and runners require more precision when repairing due to their details in patterns and colors. Thus, choosing high rate job for this purpose can be a mistake.

Followings are three of the most common Oriental rug Repairing.

The Sides Repairing or Edge Binding

This repairing is also known as SHIRAZEH. Two sides of an Oriental rug that run along the length of the product are defined as sides. These products are often woven from side to side across the strings of a warp. This means there is surely an end-point in every side. A good weaver usually ties the end-point after the weaving is completed. This tied up points maintain the shape of the rug and prevent detangling of the knots. As the Oriental rug ages, the end tied up points tend to loosen up and start opening out. This can get worse if no action is done to prevent it. The longer the problem is ignored, the more considerable the damage becomes and obviously, the repairing job will become more expensive.

For sides repairing, the Oriental rug weaving expert warps the damaged part with a wool very precisely and carefully. This will protect the product from opening out and falling apart and as a result, it will look original and clean. The type of wool and color, which are used for repairing the rug, are completely depending on the original product itself. A coarser edge is used for kilims and rugs, which have thicker pile, and a tight, narrow and fine edge is applied for finer products.

Stretching or CHELEH KESHI

There is a common issue of rug being wrinkled and warped due to many reasons such as internal tensions during demonstration in showrooms or transportation and it can be crooked by mishandling during creating process. In this case, the product must be stretched by using combination of techniques and tools. For such situation, the product will be mounted on a wooden or steel structure and then the jacks start to jerk it in reverse position. The rug start to roll tightly and the threads begin to straighten up. Then a star to slowly iron the product without harming the pile or foundation. Another method to overcome this problem is resizing the product with hand or specialized machines.

Repairing Cracks of an Oriental Rug

Rubber backing of a rug can cracked over time. The damages can be caused by heat present in the wash and dry cycles or chemicals used for this purpose, constant smoothing from having high-level foot traffic. Ultra violet light is another factor, which can crack the product over time. In addition, moisture underneath of a plant placed on the rug will cause rotten area ending with cracks and knot loosening. Thus repairing the existing cracks will definitely increase the lifetime of the product. This process is simply done by sewing the cracked areas with a cotton string and a nail in a vertical direction. There is another way to prevent the back of the product from being cracked and damaged. Cutting and brushing scarps of an old backing and applying a liquid latex to the area can do the job.

In Part 2 of this article, another three of the most common repairs for oriental rugs will be introduced.

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