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How to Repair an Oriental Rug? (part 2)

In part 1 of this article some of the main reasons for repairing Oriental rug has told. Another thing was the importance of choosing a professional for this job. Also, one the repairing methods is introduced which is side repairing of a rug. In this part, more of the common repairing types for oriental rugs will be introduced.

Repairing Fringe and Low Pile Areas

Repairing fringe of the rug is also called DOW GEREH .The ends of the oriental rugs are two sides, which have fringe that run along the width of the product. Fringe looks like an additional part and is considered as a low priority area for maintenance in many peoples perspective. However, it is a fact that these areas are the foundation of the rug and they are often get damaged and exposed easily. Unfortunately, if the issue is not stopped ASAP, the pile can unravel and vandalize the surrounding area. Just like other parts, it is essential to remember to fringe repair as soon as the problem is detected. Doing it quickly will definitely lower the repairing cost. In case the issue is avoided for long time, the damage will spread to the pile and resurrecting the product can be done only with re-knotting and recreating more foundation in the lost areas. This will involve a lot of time and work, thus the cost for job will be increased. Weaver master will choose the repairing technique depending on the type of oriental rug and the condition of the endings.

For oriental rugs, which have thicker piles, sewing new fringes onto the product is better than repairing the existing ending. For products with thinner piles, stitching technique is often utilized. Both of the methods work well for securing the rug and preventing it from unraveling. In some few cases, the weaver may choose to use technique, which involves implanting fringes. Implanting endings are secured with ZANGERA stitch, which will definitely prevent the piles from opening out. Another benefit that this technique brings is the natural looking of the repaired product.

Oriental rugs can develop low pile areas over time and frequent usage. This is not so much of an issue compared to fringe or side damages. Some owners prefer not to repair these areas due to their characteristic and having sign of age. Getting it repaired is depending on the extent which the product worn and the level of use. The foundation may become visible if the pile is so low, thus the product will surely need repairing procedure.

Holes Repairing

Hole repairing process for oriental and Persian rugs is considered as the most complex resurrecting procedure. This is often done in two main steps. Rebuilding the foundation of the product is the first and most crucial step. After appropriate cleaning of the rug, the broken fiber needs to be extended for being able to reweave. Thus for having an effective and long lasting repairing, the foundation must be constructed properly. Second step is about weaving and sewing wool threads in order to cover the hole. It is essential that this sewing have the exact pattern and density of the foundation. The professional weaver precisely matches wefts, warps and knots with the specifications of the original product. After the hole is completely covered and repaired, the area should be trimmed down to match the rest of the pile height. Applying a patch for covering the damaged area is not recommended for holes, which are very easy to detect. This method is only useful for cases, which the damaged area condition is good. Hiding stiches for piles that are not thick enough will be difficult.

Repairing Insect and Moth Damages

Oriental rugs, which have wool material in their woven structure, are more vulnerable to moth damage compared to cotton foundations. This type of damage can be always be repaired. However, for extensive eaten areas, rebuilding the foundation is required.

Centrifuge Dying

Traditional oriental rug dying techniques can be very time-consuming. However, using centrifuge for this purpose increases the pace of the procedure about ninety percent. In this system, the rolled rug is placed into the machine and once the product is loaded up, the centrifuge starts to quietly spin and removes all the water and moisture from the woven structure. This process will usually take a couple of minutes to complete. After the procedure, the product will be laid flat on a plastic surface, which is called grill or hung to dry and complete the last step of the repairing and cleaning.

Quality Control for Repaired Rug

After completing the repairing process, a quality control procedure must be done. Expert craftsmen will make every effort to make the color as close as possible to the original appearance. However, they are few cases that the color might not match the product after the procedure. In solving such issues, a dye master often uses authentic colors and materials and re-dye them carefully by hand. This will fix discolored or faded oriental rugs and it is an perfect choice when a product has only minimal bleed. Another method for fixing faded rugs is doing a light sheering procedure. This process is also done by hand and it includes removing fuzz, uneven piles and areas of discoloration in order to give a bright and new finish to a worn out product. Sheering rugs can also be done using blocking and stretching.

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