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Persian Rugs Designs and Types (part 1)

Persian Rugs are first created in the ancient Persian Empire, where hand weaving was a royal and highly respected art. Great Persia embraced regions belonging to West Asia, Central Asia, South Asia, and the Caucasus. The oldest known Persian carpet is a product dating back to the fifth century BC from Iran. These products were considered very luxurious belonging to the manufacturing required to make them. Due to the isolation imposed by regions and geographical differences between them, a variety of styles for Persian Rugs emerged from many areas, which all produced their unique motifs. Experts in History decrypted the appealing symbols that exist in the design of antique and traditional products.

Types of Persian Rugs

There are two main types of hand-knotted Persian kilims, and carpets, which are nomadic and city rugs. City rugs are products that are woven in standard workshops where professionals start creating the art by following a blueprint of a traditional design. In the nomadic or tribal procedure, the rug designer and the creator are the same people. Thus, this type of product is the result of an image that the expert sees in his or her mind and the creation is considered more loose and fluid. Nomadic products are more likely to be developed in a home or a tent rather than a large-scale organized workshops like the ones that can be found in city manufacturing centers. Both are equally beautiful and collectible. However, urban rugs have silk or cotton base material and the tribal ones are mostly made from natural wool.

City Rugs

City rugs are considered the highest quality due to their creation purpose, which is mainly commercial, and are generally made by the hand of master weavers. Followings are the most popular Urban Persian Rugs that are utilized for both floor and wall covering designs.

Nain – is a name of a city that contains tenth-century mosques. Unlike other typical products, the runner and rugs that are woven in this area mostly consist of colors such as pink, ivory, and blue. These perfect color pallets make the product very popular and they generally have floral motifs and are developed from the combination of wool and silk. The patterns that are used in them are traditional and unique. Additionally, they have a high knot count, which exceeds one million knots per square meter. This is definitely followed by high quality and makes them a very expensive product.

Isfahan – is a city, which is famous for its tourist attractions in Iran, and is considered one of the cultural and historical centers of the country. There are palaces and mosques in the area which have extremely affected the patterns of the Persian rugs. Weavers in this city create floral patterns that are mostly inspired by the tile works of the mosques and gardens of the historical palaces. They are generally made from wool and silk and have a visually pleasing appearance, which is mostly symmetrical. The color schemes used in these urban rugs are mainly gloomy which makes them perfect for having aesthetic, modern, contemporary, and eclectic style interior designs.

Qum – is considered the home of special silk rugs. The patterns utilized in this type of authentic Persian rugs are inspired from all over the country and contain gardens, animals, medallions, and floral motifs. They are popular for their detailed and luxurious designs. Qum carpets have a high knot-count and are made from expensive silk-cotton which makes them the most desirable product in the Persian type. Additionally, they come in aesthetic color pallets and schemes and are suitable for being used as a centerpiece in modern interiors.

Tabriz – is one of the biggest cities of Iran and many rugs with centralized medallion and details are being created in this city. Products of this area contain floral patterns such as weeping willows that represent beautiful gardens. Weavers of Tabriz are creating one of the leading rugs in the world with their professional techniques using cotton, wool, and silk. They come in with a bold color pallet, which comprises gold, maroon, and red.

Hamadan – is one of the oldest cities in the world and is popular for its ancient palaces and finest rugs. This city is surrounded by villages that are involved in rug weaving art. There are deep shades of blue and red used in these products, which contain extra creamy accents. Hamadan rugs come with geometric patterns and floral designs. They have perfect quality and a high level of sturdiness.

In part two of this article, the most important and famous village rugs will be introduced.

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