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Persian Rugs Designs and Types (part 2)

In part one of this article, the most common types of Persian Rugs, which include city, and tribal rugs were introduced. City rugs that are very famous for their quality and aesthetics contain Isfahan, Tabriz, Qum, Hamadan, and Nain. A brief history of Persian rugs and kilims was also introduced. It is time to increase knowledge about the second important type of these products, which is Village rugs.

Nomadic and Tribal Rugs

Tribal and Nomadic products that are also called village rugs are often woven by families and are sold as a source of additional income and are typically expensive. Thus, they require a precise maintaining and clearing process from time to time. Following are the most common village rugs from Persian regions that are still very famous among collectors.

Bijdar – The rug artists of this village take great pride in their products, and all of the people living in this area are involved in the weaving of their traditional rugs. The villagers work together to dye the natural wool and then wash it to provide the masterpiece for the collectors. Some people know this type of rug for its strength and durability, which is also, why it is known as the king of carpets. The sturdiness of these products is due to the use of heavy wood and metal comb for beating the stamen and standing up the base pile. These are produced in blue, red, and earthy colors while having beige accents. The most common motif used in these rugs is the Herati pattern, which contains fishes. They are perfect for areas that have heavy traffic and are suitable for adding dingy undertones.

Ardabil – boasts a pretentious history of weaving. The rugs that are created in this area feature light color pallets and geometric patterns that contain diamond-looking medallions. The most popular Ardabil design is called Mahi, which of a central diamond surrounded by small fishes. Aside from the Mahi pattern, there are three other main designs that can be found in this type of rug which are Shirvaan, Gendje, and Karabagh. The symmetrical appearance of these rugs makes them very appealing. However, due to their thickness that is generally thin, using them for high traffic areas will not be the best choice. Nowadays, these products are mainly available in runner formats and are great for being placed in entranceways for guests.

Heriz – rugs that are developed in this area are popular for their durability and there is a behind this characteristic of the product. This village is located in the mountain of Sibalan, which contains dense sources of copper. The sheep that provide the natural wool for the product, consume the water, which is filled with traces of copper. This is why they produce extremely durable material. Heriz rugs have a central medallion, which dominates the design of the product. The right-angled medallion is the most unique and recognizable feature of the rug. Other types of Heriz rugs are produced in the surrounding villages such as Afshar, Sarab, Mehraban, and Gorevan. These rugs are also defined with their rough textures and large sizes and are great for areas that have medium traffic.

Kerman – Persian rugs that are woven in this area feature excellent strength, a broad pallet, and a wide variety of designs. Some of these products are created for collectors and others are developed for local markets. The most appealing color of the product is red, which often varies between vibrant cherry and rich burgundy hues. Kerman rugs contain the damask rose symbols in most of their designs.

Kashan – rugs that are created in Kashan are one of the oldest and finest Oriental rugs in the world. The silk material used in these products makes them elegant and appealing. However, they are also woven in wool and cotton. The sale of this type of carpets began around the nineteenth century and it has been growing since then. They contain rich color pallets and can be recognized with their unique arabesque style and floral motifs.

Baktyiar – some other terms of these rugs are Bkhatiyar, Bakhtiari, and Bachtiar. They are among the most durable types of carpets due to their wool treatment process, which is done before weaving the product. A garden motif that is called Khesti is the most common pattern used in Bktiyar rugs. In this pattern, the product is divided into four parts and each of the quadrants represents animals and plants. These products come with extremely thick and solid characteristics due to the hard beating step before looming.

Afshar – These rugs are experiencing value increment for a long time. They feature three aesthetic designs, which are center and corner pieces, diagonal rows, and three medallions. The most common colors used in them are royal blue and rich red. The medallion, which is created in the center of the product, is generally lengthy and makes it easy to identify. The quality of the material utilized on Afshar rugs is very high and it almost shines.

Gabbeh – is a tribal rug type, which is woven by the hands of women. These products are also known as gabba. They have raw, coarse, and thick characteristics and are made from hand-spun wool. Gabbeh products are basically the only sleeping carpets among all Persian Rugs and often come with lower prices in comparison to other types. The motifs usually contain large shapes of animal patterns.

Baluch – rugs that are made in this tribal method are used as prayer mats, animals, and floor coverings. They are other terms for this type of rug, which are known as Baluchi or Beluchi and consist of dark shades of brown, red, purple, blue, and ivory. The shapes that are noticeable in these products are almost always outlined in black which makes all the shades appear darker. These rugs are typically made in smaller sizes and finding them for covering large areas is unlikely.

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