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Steps of Making a Persian Rug (Part 1)

Persian Rugs are some of the most aesthetic and beautiful carpets available that come from Iran. Years of experience and craftsmanship involve creating the final product to use in homes for different purposes. Many people wonder how these products come to life. The answer includes many stages and techniques that result in Persian rugs’ best quality in various sizes and types. Before introducing the steps of making a Persian rug, it is good to have basic information about oriental carpets and rugs.

From Where Persian Rugs Come?

Thousands of years ago, villagers made informal types of Persian rugs in Iran with varied yet straightforward patterns. Later, during the sixteen centuries in the Safavid period, factories started developing the product, and the art turned into a more regular occupation. After this period, having rugs became a status symbol for the people who lived in the country. Weavers started to utilize more traditional designs into their masterpieces that came to be blended with Persian rugs.

Different Iran cities started weaving their unique traditional rug type providing various patterns, colors, and symbols. All types became more popular in time, and people began utilizing them to show their tradition. In the history of these products, it is noticeable that the rug industry started expanding and reached European countries in the late sixteen centuries. Since then, almost every country in the world utilizes these refined products in their facilities.

Colors Used in Making a Persian Rug

One of the essential factors for identifying an authentic Persian rug from other regular products is to look for unique colors that only these products contain in their designs. These colors include brown, indigo, blue, green, yellow, red, ivory, orange, and white. Every color represents a symbol of nature and has its meaning; for example, blue symbolizes honesty, solitude, afterlife, and power. However, they are also other hue pallets available in designing these products, which can harmonize the Persian rug’s appearance.

Main Steps for Creating a Persian Rug

Now, it is time to introduce the steps of making a Persian rugs that follow standard plans and each step requires accuracy and endeavor.

Tools and Setup

Making a Persian rug always starts with the loom, consisting of a structure with two horizontal beams parallel. The loom holds up these beams in front of the weaver. The width of the carpet defines the distance between each beam. A warp or vertical strands of different materials such as cotton, silk, or wool that create the rug’s basis are attached to the beams.


There are different materials employed for creating a Persian rug. However, natural wool is the most common material that can be found in hand-knotted products. Iran is a country that has a prosperous rancher industry. Thus, obtaining this material in the area is considered easy. Wool is also a very long-lasting material and allows weavers to produce rugs with a higher life span while having beautiful textures. Another essential characteristic of the yarn is that it can take various colors on its structure and maintain it without any issues.

Dying the Wool

Experts choose to put the dye in a separate container depending on its colors, and then they submerge a large amount of wool into each box. This process allows the dye to set onto the yarn and stick to the material. Artisans check every so often to ensure achieving that the correct shades and hues. It can take years of practice to become an expert in knowing if the material is dyed the right amount. For achieving a deeper color, it is better to submerge the fabric for a longer time. They are so many people who prefer to buy overdyed rugs due to their vibrant and deep hues.

Drying out The Wool

After submerging the material with the dye, it is time to dry the material before the weaver starts creating the Persian rug. Experts dry the fabric with two standard methods: hanging it in the sun or placing the material in a particular dying room.

Defining The design of The Persian Rug

Artists create the design of the Persian rug to help the weaver in following the weaving process. This process is commonly known as a cartoon. Nowadays, due to the growth of technology, artists create a pattern by utilizing computer software.

Loading the Coiled Wool into The Wool Room

Every color required for each rug is loaded into a wool room designed to store the manufacturer’s wool inventory. The material’s weight needs to be measured every time it enters or leaves the room to keep an accurate account of how much is available and if more material needs to be stored and dyed.

More practical stages are introduced in the steps of making a Persian rug part two article.

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