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Steps of Making a Persian Rug (Part 2)

Persian rugs, whether made in villages or city surrounding areas, are all hand-knotted. The weaver and artisans utilize methods and techniques to create beautiful carpets for different tastes. Creating aesthetic products requires years of experience and knowledge about traditional patterns, symbols, and motifs. Knowing the weaving technique is not enough for making the Persian rug. Additionally, the artisan should have complete information and a perfect taste of color pallets. Unique colors and patterns are the particular characteristics of an authentic rug.

Persian Rug Designs

Persian rugs are trendy due to their elegant appearance and unique designs. Antique products consistent with wavy patterns and intricate geometrical shapes, typically surrounded by a thick border. Best quality rugs contain designs busy with continuous hue changes. As the eye moves along the product’s surface, it can envision each weaver’s accuracy and details precisely deployed.

Oriental and Persian rugs are specified by a combination of horizontal, vertical, and diagonal lines. These unique characteristics of the product make up various shapes that are often repeated symmetrically along the carpet to create a traditional motif. Many of the original rugs or kilim designs feature a large central medallion with different textures.

Creating a Persian Rug

Creating a Persian rug requires teamwork and precision. It is not a simple procedure and follows a standard roadmap. In the Steps of Making a Persian Rug part one article, some of the primary grades are introduced. In this article, the main stages of rug creation are written to complete the required knowledge about Persian rugs creation.

Brief Overview of First Steps

Artisans have proven that they can produce Persian rugs using various types of materials. However, wool is the most practical material that weavers utilize in their masterpiece. Silk and cotton are the other two substances that can be found in oriental carpets. After gathering the fabric, experts dye the wool with two methods, which are natural dye and chemical dyes. For better quality, it is common to use vegetable dyes.

Experts dry the product after submerging the rug with a demanding color. After the product is entirely dried, artists provide traditional designs using both hands and computers to create the weaver’s design path.

The Step of Weaving a Persian Rug

The most important step for producing a Persian rug is weaving the product. Once the primary preparations are done, it is time for weavers to start the developing procedure. Artisans load the wool on the loom and start feeding the material beginning at the rug’s bottom. They place the material in between the warps and use knots to secure the wool. The process is known as weft, in which each knot is tied using a small knife. The tool is for cutting the yarn and tying the knots. Artisans usually work as a team to make sure the design comes out precisely.


The rug is unrecognizable and shaggy after removing from the loom. Professional weavers clip down the knots to a consistent height to make the design apparent. Depending on the type of carpet, the pile may require to be cut into various sizes. If the design reproduces an antique product, it can be clipped quite low to the foundation. Most antique carpets or kilims have their piles worn down after some years.

Experts utilize two methods for clipping, including machine clip and traditional clip.

Tying Off the Foundation

In this step, artisans start working on creating details for the product. The first thing is detaching the vertical warp strings and then tie them off with different knots. For making fringes, weavers extend the length of the warp string beyond the position of the knot. The edge provides both decorative and structural characteristic to the product.

Washing, Blocking and Stretching the Persian Rug

Once the primary process is finished, the product needs to be washed, blocked and stretched. The washing process removes loose material, and the blocking and stretching are done to help flatten the pile and remove wrinkles. It is an efficient way to dry and stretch the product under the suns light to create an even surface.

Ironing Winkles and Shearing Piles

Ironing is the process that is only necessary when wrinkles persevere. Shearing the pile will remove any vagabond material. However, artisans must be meticulous in this step. One mistake can destroy the whole product; thus, this step requires many years of experience.

Securing Ends and Final Trimming

For keeping the material in place, the weaver secures the edges and ends of the Persian rug. The last step is trimming and removing loose strands to create a durable and long-lasting product for customers.

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