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What are Tribal Oriental Rugs?

Tribal Oriental Rugs are trendy pieces of art among antique collectors worldwide, consisting of traditional and cultural characteristics. Nomadic and semi-nomadic tribes in Persia, Central Asia, Caucasus, Kurdistan, and other Middle Eastern countries and regions create beautiful art pieces. Female weavers from these classifications do not create tribal oriental rugs with conventional motifs. Thus, each product looks distinct and can showcase the creator’s creativity and story. The distinction of these rugs gives them flaws. However, a bit of imperfection can make them more delicate. If a customer tends to buy a tribal oriental rug, it is better to read this article to learn more about these eye-catching and elegant floors covering materials.

The History Behind Tribal Oriental Rugs

The weaving process for tribal rugs originates from the tribes settling in the Caucasus mountains. Most of the weavers in this area had their unique skillset and weaving traditions. The nomadic people in the Caucasus lived in the mountains while producing these specific rugs, and they managed to create eighty-five styles of products. Each of these designs has its distinct color, form and patterns. Persian tribes weaved tribal oriental rugs and became very popular among the artisans in the continent. One of the most famous Moroccan travelers named Battuta saw the elegance of Persian tribal rugs up close. Historians found evidence showing how he saw a green carpet laid out for him during the visit to the Bakhtiari governor in Persia.

The significant array of traditional Persian rugs weaving tribes originate from classic classifications include Afshar, Qashqai, Lurs, Kurdish, Khamesh, Bakhtiari, and Shahsavan. All of these tribes showcase their unique and vibrant products. However, these vintage rugs were not known globally until the 1960s. At the time, antique collectors regarded art from domestic people in high esteem. Auction houses started bringing original oriental and Persian rugs from different countries and sold them to the higher bidder. Another noticeable thing is that the number of these classified rugs in the past is a stark contrast to the products today. Many museums put these particular antique rugs on display.

How Do Weavers Make Tribal Oriental Rugs?

Traditional weavers produce tribal oriental rugs using natural wool from different animals such as sheep, camel and goat. Traditional artisans utilize hand-knotting techniques to create their products with the highest quality possible. The handmade rugs are more appreciated among other types of products made from synthetic materials by industrial machines. It is hard to guess the exact date of the weaving techniques creation, but history proves that the middle eastern people learned about knotted pile system before anyone else in the world.

Patterns and Motifs on Tribal Rugs

Tribal oriental rugs feature various designs and patterns. These designs include spiritual, natural and religious motifs. Every oriental country has its unique set of motifs such as medallions, animals and flowers. Each symbol and pattern serve a particular purpose. However, these rugs often have several repetitive patterns in one field while representing a wide range of hues and colors. The following is a list of familiar motifs and designs that customers will find in Persian and Oriental tribal rugs:

  • Ram Horn
  • Cross
  • The Boteh
  • Eight-pointed Star
  • Scorpions
  • Spiders
  • Fish
  • Mountains
  • Peacock
  • Water
  • Camel
  • Mihrab
  • The Elibelinde
  • Peacock
  • The Gulls

Different Types of Tribal Oriental Rugs

Persian rugs come in many distinct styles, and each has its unique characteristics. To know the differences between Persian and Oriental rugs, continue reading the next section.


This type of rug comes from the southern Persia’s Zagros mountains. These products consist of rich and saturated natural hues and dyes. The weavers utilize indigo, ivory, and red color in their first steps of creation, and then they add other complementary shades to finish the look.


The name of the Afshar rugs originates from the Persian tribe in the country. Weavers from Kerman are the most dominant group of artisans in the tribe. The patterns vary from geometric motifs to stylized floral symbols. Creators of Afshar carpets utilize saturated rust, brick reds, bright loyal to midnight indigo blue, and gold yellowish and teal colors to produce these aesthetic products.


The weavers from Southern Persia are famous for creating Khamseh rugs, and they developed various products featuring Turkic, Turkoman and traditional Persian motifs and designs. The most common symbols used in this type of rug are central medallions, the Boteh motifs and floral patterns.


These finely crafted products have a wool warp and cotton weft in their structure. Weavers utilize eye-catching patterns such as flowers, animals, and polygons into the art and subtle colors to complement these patterns.


The Kazak rugs are created by the hands of nomadic and village-dwelling tribes in the highest region of the Caucasus Mountains. Weavers use high-quality dyes and rich color pallet to make these products. The knots of the Kazak rugs are loose, and they contain thick wool piles. The most notable characteristics of these products are their striking and graphic designs, which are combined with rich and traditional primary hues.


These types of tribal carpets come in earthly and deep pallets with deconstructed nature patterns. Some of the symbols found in these products include Christian motifs and other lavishly ornate patterns.


Another popular tribal rug is the Bakhtiari carpet. These products come from the nomadic Bakhtiari tribe, and the weavers created them for their usage. However, later productions stylized geometric float themes influence by rug originating regions near the tribe. The Bakhtiari products are famous due to their remarkably high-quality materials, and the weavers utilize sturdy, lanolin-rich wool to create them. These rugs showcase vibrant hues, and artisans apply natural dyes to create highly colorful products.

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