Persian Rugs are very popular and well known due to their artistic beauty and amazing quality. Antiquities experts and casual people have always admired hand-knotted or hand-woven rugs. However, they are specific reasons why Persian rugs and kilims are special, more likely to be used for any application and superior to other types of products. Before introducing these special characteristics of the product, it is good to know a little about the origin and history of these pieces of art.
Brief History of Persian Rugs
Persian rugs have a long story, which the name of it speaks for itself. Their production started from ancient kingdom of Persia, known as Iran nowadays. According to archaeologists, Cyrus the great that was not an partisan, aimed to promote Iranian culture and introduced the art of rug weaving in Persia after Babylon occupation in 539 BC. The rug weaving techniques started to expand and improve along the increment of demand for the product.
These products were very expensive just like the available ones in modern times. Thus, they were a sign of class and wealth and used for decorative purposes in royal environments. The weaving procedure has passed from one generation to another and every weaver has had unique sets of skills. Thus, hand-knotting experts have been doing their job for more than 2,500 years and their product continued to be a vitally important asset to the Iranian society and culture.
Special characteristics of Persian Rugs
Persian Rugs are not only great for flooring but also considered as a great work of art. They are distinguished for their amazing designs, patterns and rich colors. These products are made of all natural silk, wool and vegetable dyes rather than synthetic materials. The special characteristics and the impact, which will have on any interior aesthetic, cannot be overstated. Persian rugs are also very durable and can be long lasting if maintained properly. Followings are few of the most important factors that give the product special and unique characteristics.
Patterns and Motifs Used In Persian Rugs
Star : This motif is one of the oldest symbols of Persian culture. This symbol was for spirituality and good luck in ancient times. Since then, rug makers used this motif in their products in order to encourage people to have one, for their homes.
Dog : This animal is the first domesticated animal, and is symbolically for loyalty, vigilance and protection.
Peacock : Humanity always dreamed of having immortality, thus the ancient people chose peacock as a symbol for this cause. This animal, which has very beautiful appearance, considered as an animal of gods and they were immortal in mythology of Persia.
Boteh : It is a Farsi word to describe immature flower or shrub. This motif is often used in the shape of a teardrop and it represents the idea of fertility and symbol of fire or universe. It is a very appealing symbol on carpets and Persian rugs.
Gul : This is also a Farsi word, meaning flower. It is commonly used in Turkman, Gorgan and Khal Mohammadi Rugs. This symbol is used in a repeating pattern all over the product
Rosset : This design is arranged with circular patterns of motifs radiating from the medallion which is woven in the center of the Persian rug. This is often used in borders but it is also limited to the field and can have geometric or naturalistic form.
Mina-Khani : This pattern is made of repeated daisies linked by circular lines or diamond. It is used in many types of Persian rugs; however, the most common one is Varamin rug.
Persian Rugs Colors and Their Meanings
Green : This color is rooted in balance, health, growth and prosperity all over the world. It represents spring leaves, forest and rebirth of nature. However, green is not a common color used in Persian rugs.
Red : This is associated with some feelings such as vitality and passion. It can be soft, warm shade or a vibrant relative to the general hue. Red is a perfect color to attract eyes attention. The color is also symbol of fire and blood, which are two powerful elements of nature.
Blue : This color is used to bring human a sense of inner peace and also it is symbol of trust and loyalty. In some cases, blue can be used as a color of sky and freedom.
Gold and Yellow : These two colors are often considered distinct. Yellow often refers to happiness and energy, while gold is used as a color of refinement.
Brown : In Persian rugs, this color represents the mother earth. Brown is also the symbol of humbleness due to being the color of the soil.
Beige and White : This color is universally considered as the symbol of innocence and purity. Ancient weavers held the same belief and they mixed it with beige in order to create unique aesthetic designs.
Black : In ancient Persian culture, black stood for destruction and death. The color also represents dark part of human mind but it can be harmonized with lighter colors. However, this color is not commonly used in Persian rugs due to its overwhelming characteristic.
Lifetime of A Persian Rug
It is impossible to predict the exact lifetime of a rug. However, high quality pieces can last over 100 years. Longevity and durability of hand-knotted rugs is superior to machine-knotted products. This is because of the wool used in the product. This material does not tend to shed as long as the knots are secure. If the Persian rug is placed in low traffic areas and the level of care is appropriate, it can even last for more than 200 years. Products, which are held by collectors and cost more than hundreds of thousands, are often several centuries old.